This report describes the psychrometric bin analysis that was conducted for the ASHRAE recommended and allowable operating environment zones as well as a modified allowable operating environment, discusses control strategies, and presents examples of energy-efficient data centers using alternative cooling strategies.
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This roadmap presents a high-level approach to net zero energy building (NZEB) planning, design, construction, and operations, based on NREL’s firsthand experience procuring NZEBs, and based on NREL and other industry research on NZEB feasibility.
The Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL) goal is to expand our leadership as a state-of the-art laboratory that supports innovative research, development, and commercialization of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies that address the nation’s energy and environmental needs. Fundamental to this goal is NREL’s commitment to sustainability--operating in a manner that balances environmental, economic, and social values in the delivery of our mission. At NREL, sustainability is integral to both our research and operations. NREL is committed to demonstrating federal leadership in sustainability, working to continuously improve our performance and lead by example. This document provides an updated NREL site sustainability plan for 2014.
Miscellaneous electrical loads (MELs) are building loads that are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the building occupants. MELs in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. On an individual building level, they account for approximately 25% of the total electrical load in a minimally code-compliant commercial building, and can exceed 50% in an ultra-high efficiency building such as the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) Research Support Facility (RSF). Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. A complex array of technologies that measure and manage MELs has emerged in the marketplace. Some fall short of manufacturer performance claims, however. NREL has been actively engaged in developing an evaluation and selection process for MELs control, and is using this process to evaluate a range of technologies for active MELs management that will cap RSF plug loads. Using a control strategy to match plug load use to users' required job functions is a huge untapped potential for energy savings.