Segmentation, identifying homogenous sub-populations within larger heterogeneous populations, has emerged as an important marketing tool over the past half-century. The technique is a response to the need to effectively communicate with an increasingly diverse population.
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This resource describes the California Preschool Energy Efficiency Program, including program rationale, outcomes, strategy, and implementation.
This resource provides a detailed guide to power purchase agreements for state and local governments including financial and contractual considerations.
This fact sheet describes how a hybrid finance model utilizing power purchase agreements (PPA) and public debt works and assesses the model’s relative advantages and challenges as compared to self-ownership and the third-party PPA. The fact sheet also provides a quick guide to project implementation and assesses the replicability of the model in other jurisdictions across the United States.
This resource describes the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development pilot loan program for home energy improvements launched in 2010.
This paper shows how a quiet revolution in clean energy financing is now happening at the state level. States and cities, for the first time, are beginning to use these credit enhancement tools to finance clean energy technology deployment.
Michigan’s Oxford Area Community School District entered into an energy savings performance contract and issued limited tax general obligation bonds to fund the up-front costs of almost $3 million of energy-related improvements. Case study is excerpted from Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements.
Williamson County School District entered into an energy savings performance
contract with an energy services company and completed a $5.7 million lease-purchase agreement to fund a range of energy-related improvements across 27 school facilities. Case study is excerpted from Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements.
The municipal bond–PPA model is also known as the Morris Model after Morris County, New Jersey, where the arrangement was first applied. The gist of the model is that it combines the tax monetization benefits of third-party ownership with low-cost capital in the form of public debt.
Douglas County School District faced a challenging combination of aging equipment and buildings (most over 37 years old), rising energy costs, and limited access to taxpayer funds due to the fiscally-conservative makeup of the region’s voters. The district's leadership responded creatively by beginning with an energy savings performance contract (ESPC) that utilized a tax-exempt installment purchase agreement (IPA). This case study is excerpted from Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements.