It is still early in the collection and analysis of energy performance data, but it is already clear that high-performance commercial buildings—some "almost net-zero buildings"—can be constructed cost effectively, providing productive environments for occupants, reducing operating costs, and enhancing the competitiveness of commercial properties.
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This document provides an example request for proposal (RFP) for a Department of Energy (DOE) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Ingress/Egress Project with a Site Entrance Building and Parking Structure. The RFP has been annotated by NREL to demonstrate the project’s steps that follow NREL and DOE’s Energy-Performance-Based Acquisition process.
The second largest gaming company in the world by revenue, MGM Resorts International (MGM) has recently installed energy efficient parking area lighting and controls at 65% of its U.S. facilities. With 20 U.S. facilities in NV, MI, and MS, MGM lighting projects have covered more than 8 million square feet of parking area. By replacing more than 4,400 existing metal halide and high-pressure sodium light fixtures in the parking facilities with a mixture of LED and induction fixtures, MGM saved 4.5 million kWh per year across their portfolio.
Most impressively, at the MGM Grand Detroit Casino–a 401-room hotel and gaming facility— the company achieved 4 million kWh of annual energy savings by replacing medium-wattage metal halide fixtures in a 2.6 million square foot parking structure with high efficiency, low- wattage LED fixtures.
The JBG Companies (JBG), an investor, owner, developer, and manager of real estate in the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area, achieved almost 50% energy savings compared to energy code by using a combination of high efficiency LEDs coupled with lighting controls for the parking structure at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Shady Grove in Maryland. The NCI
parking structure was recognized by the Lighting Energy Efficiency in Parking (LEEP) Campaign for the Highest Percentage Energy Savings in a Single Parking Structure (New Construction)
and Highest Absolute Annual Energy Savings in a Single Parking Structure (New Construction). In addition to its 2014 LEEP Campaign Award, the buildings have also been recognized in 2011, 2013, and 2014 by both local Maryland organizations and national organizations.
With 7 hospitals and 22 physician locations serving more than 9 Wisconsin counties, ThedaCare has ample room to implement and reap the benefits of building efficiency measures. At the Appleton Medical Center, ThedaCare’s Lighting Energy Efficiency in Parking (LEEP) Campaign Award winning project involved replacing inefficient medium-wattage HID lighting fixtures at a 126,000 square foot parking structure with high efficiency low-wattage LED fixtures. The resulting energy savings exceed 80 percent of the previous usage. A 100-year old company and the third largest health care employer in Wisconsin, ThedaCare has now implemented LED exterior lighting throughout Appleton Medical Center.
The Howard Hughes Corporation upgraded the lighting for the parking structure at the Ward Centers in Honolulu, Hawaii. Currently, the Ward Centers is occupied by 130 national retailers, local shops and restaurants in five shopping districts. The Ward Centers parking structure is seven stories high, and encompasses nearly 300,000 square feet and houses over 800 parking spaces.
The parking structure is a 2014 Lighting Energy Efficiency in Parking (LEEP) Campaign Award winner for Best Use of Lighting Controls in a Single Facility as the new lighting system uses both LED and fluorescent fixtures along with various lighting controls. The Ward Centers was able to achieve 75% in energy savings.
This guide provides design teams with best practices for parking structure energy efficiency in the form of goals for each design aspect that affects energy use.
This paper describes how net-zero energy buildings will produce, during a typical year, enough renewable energy to offset the energy they consume from the grid.
This paper introduces a classification system for net-zero energy buildings (ZEB) based on the renewable sources a building uses.
This conference paper discusses four well-documented definitions of net-zero energy: net-zero site energy, net-zero source energy, net-zero energy costs, and net-zero energy emissions, along with pluses and minuses of each.