Article by Autodesk on massing and orientation as important design factors to consider for passive cooling.
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"Building orientation, along with daylighting and thermal mass, are crucial considerations of passive solar construction that can be incorporated into virtually any new home design."
"Building orientation refers to the way a building is situated on a site and the positioning of windows, rooflines, and other features. A building oriented for solar design takes advantage of passive and active solar strategies."
This fact sheet provides information on the features of the Research Support Facility including a detailed illustration of the facility with call outs of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies.
Heavy or massive objects like masonry can help improve thermal comfort as well as reduce peak heating and cooling demands in buildings. They need to be designed into buildings such that they can charge and discharge thermal energy which often requires a temperature different between the thermal mass and their surroundings. On exterior walls, they work best when coupled with insulation. They, by themselves, are not good insulators.
An object-oriented program that allows the user to quickly build models of complex physical processes by connecting equation-based calculation modules from an object library. SPARK (Simulation Problem Analysis and Research Kernel) creates an executable simulation program from this network ready to be run.
"While it is possible to check the energy performance of a given building by means of several available methods, the inverse problem of determining the optimum configuration given a desired performance is more difficult to solve. This paper investigates the application of an optimization program for identification of the optimum WWR (Window to Wall Ratio) in office buildings of various sizes and orientation."
A solar ready building is engineered and designed for solar installation, even if the solar installation does not happen at the time of construction. The solar ready design features, if considered early in the design process, are typically low or no cost. Attention to building orientation, available roof space, roof type, and other features is key to designing solar ready buildings.
The study analyzed the variation of annual heating energy demand, annual cooling energy demand, and the annual total energy consumption in different conditions, including different orientations, patterns of utilization of air conditioning system, window-wall ratio, and types of windows. The results show that the total energy consumption increased when the window-wall ratio is also increased.
Action oriented workbook designed for churches and community centers. The workbook lays out a process for reducing energy consumption and saving money including tips and worksheets to identify energy savings measures and estimate energy savings. The workbook was produced by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with assistance from DOE.